One of the metaphors I hear most often, is that language learning is like building a house. Your words are the bricks and the grammar is the mortar holding it all together nicely. Happy days in your little self-made language house.
I don’t buy it. This would imply a number of things that are simply not true.
Which things you ask? Allow me.
1. Vocabulary and grammar practise are all you need
If this were true, based on the hours many have studied Latin, a lot more people should speak it fluently. Yet, despite having a bachelor in Latin, I definitely don’t, nor do my more proficient classmates (one classmate made a cool Latin version of Bastille’s Pompeii though, I’ll give her that).
To my knowledge, only this guy speaks Latin SO fluently him and his wife used to speak Latin when they didn’t want the children to overhear. (Am I the only one who now really wants to learn how to say things the children can’t hear in Latin?) To be able to use a language, you need to hear a language and you need to speak it.
2. You need to build one level before you proceed to the next
This is completely against the idea of ‘chunking’ where you pick up phrases or expressions in their entirety. Take the Dutch word ‘alstublieft’ (here you go/please). To fully understand this expression to the core, you need quite a bit of grammar. The expression is a shorthand for ‘als het u belieft’, which is a conditional sentences AND ‘belieft’ is a form of the rarely used verb ‘believen’ that is most often used in this exact construction. I think nobody would argue that you have to wait for the chapter on conditional sentences before you stop being a peasant and show some basic courtesy when you give or ask for something.
Now you might argue that small, regularly used expressions that mean ‘please’ or ‘thank you’ lose their grammatical meaning and can simply be studied as words. Fair enough. There are more examples.
Long before I could understand the grammar behind ‘we’re gonna go to a different room now’ in Japanese (as you can imagine, this was crucial information for me in Japanese class), I recognized the soundchunk of the teacher saying the phrase, combined with some gestures and everyone getting up and packing their bags. If you had asked me to repeat the sentence, I wouldn’t have had the foggiest idea where to begin, yet the teacher and I had communicated successfully in Japanese.
3. Once your foundation is alright, it’s rock solid!
If you’re really adamant about comparing language learning with building something, I’d suggest seeing it as an intricate game of Jenga where every so often a bit of knowledge gets pushed out and you have to give it a new place on top while you make sure your whole language tower doesn’t come crumbling down.
An example: as a kid you try to make sense of the things people around you are saying. You might pick up words like ‘made’ or ‘ate’ or ‘did’ because you hear them so often. Then, at a later stage of your language acquisition, you learned a cool new trick: when you talk about something that happened before, you simply add -ed to the verb (watched, learned, wanted, etc.). Easy as pie!
Yet, all of a sudden the adults around you start correcting you because you say ‘maded’, ‘eated’ and ‘doed’ instead of the correct versions above. You succesfully learned a new rule, but you now have to re-learn the exceptions. Especially to adults trying to learn English, ‘maded’ seems like a step backwards.
It isn’t. It shows a much bigger understanding of how English works than just mimicking what you hear. (Don’t say ‘maded’ though, it makes you sound like a goofball.)
So is it really not like building a house… at all?
All in all, I’m not big fan of comparing language learning with building a house. However, I’m all in favour of comparing language teaching with building a wall. It’s never a bad idea to build a wall of knowledge to protect yourself from the strong, biting winds of incomprehensible language coming at you fiercely (Japanese, I’m looking at you!).
Don’t overdo it though. All work and no play… In the words of a wise colleague of mine: playing scales will undoubtedly improve your guitar skills, but the best teachers let their students go home with a song that plays in their heads for days.